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Compare DVI vs HDMI Connections

HDMI vs DVI | Monitor Connections | DVI-I vs DVI-D | What are DisplayPorts

What is HDMI?

HDMI stands for High-Definition Multimedia Interface. It is a digital audio & video standard that is capable of handling uncompressed digital data. HDMI can transmit both digital video and Dolby Digital and DTS digital audio in a single cable. This type of connection is made more for televisions moreso than computers.

HDMI Cables for MonitorsFor connecting a single TV to a computer, use an adapter to convert from DisplayPort or DVI, to HDMI. You should always try to connect directly (no adapters) when possible. If your TV supports it you can use the new DisplayPort connection, for extremely high resolutions and throughput.

However, if you have a multiple screen computer such as a QuadStation system, HDMI is not the best choice for connecting monitors. The best way to connect is to use video cards and monitors with the same type of ports. This allows a direct, straight through connection from DisplayPort (on the video card) to DisplayPort (on your monitors) for example. Again HDMI is really for connecting a television, DisplayPort and DVI are best for computer monitors.

Video Cards

Multi display video cards that support more than one HDMI port are not common if they exist at all. That said, to use multiple HDMI you would need to use adapters and or cables to convert the signal from the video card. You should always connect to the monitors direclty from the video card without adapters if possible.

Connecting Multiple Displays with DVI to HDMI Adapters 

HDMI to DVI Adapters

This is not to say that you cannot connect multiple TVs to your computer by using DisplayPort or DVI to HDMI adapters. Most of them do however if you only have HDMI ports, you will have no choice but to use adapters.

For example, note the DVI to HDMI adapter shown left. The DVI side of the adapter would be male which connects directly to your video card on the computer. The HDMI side would be female which would allow you to use a standard HDMI cable to connect out to your televisions.

Televisions and Resolution

The maximum resolution you will get when connecting a TV to a computer is totally dependent on the TV port that is is connected to. Typically HDTV’s will support 1920×1080 regardless of which port you are connecting to even though your video card may support a higher resolution. All TVs are different so depending on the quality of your TV you may not get 1920 x 1080. Again, the limitation here is the television itself, NOT the video cards usually. Check with your TV manufacturer for full TV specifications. Ask them specifically about the resolution capabilities of the port you would like to connect to NOT the TV capabilities. That is completely different.

Ports on a TV

HDMI is considered the main ports on a TV whereas any extra ports (VGA, DVI etc) are considered “auxiliary ports”. Remember, a TV is designed first and foremost to be just that, a TV not to connect to a computer. So the TV manufacturers in our  view, do not put so much emphasis on these auxiliary ports. In fact you may find it difficult to find the resolution capabilities of a DVI or VGA (typically called PC INPUT on the TV) port in your TV manual resulting in a call to the manufacturer.

Compare DVI to HDMI

High Speed HDMI CableDVI stands for Digital Visual Interface and displays very high quality video on digital display devices such as digital LCD/LED monitors and digital projectors. Like HDMI, DVI can also carry uncompressed digital video data (better quality) from the source to the display (video card to monitor). In fact, the video quality is exactly the same as HDMI depending the cables being used. The primary difference is that HDMI carries audio in addition to video, DVI is video only.

High Speed HDMI

However, if you plan on using extremely high resolutions (greater than 1080p) on your TV, new High Speed HDMI Cables (shown here) and Display Port can support resolutions of 3840×2160 and 4096×2160 with DisplayPort v 1.2+.

Up to 8k coming soon with new HDMI v2.1 standard. Read more here.

Compare DisplayPort to HDMI

Many of DisplayPort’s unique benefits, such as direct drive monitor design and single cable multi-function monitor connectivity are not available with HDMI.

High resolution support and high performance are standard features of DisplayPort, whereas these are optional premium features of HDMI. Business and enterprise customers may not want or need these feaures in HDMI.

Consider using DisplayPort. It is is the best video connection you can use. DisplayPort is made more for computers, monitors, and projectors. Whereas, HDMI is made more for televisions.

Using DisplayPort to HDMI Cables or Adapters

DisplayPort to HDMI cables are not allowed by HDMI LLC and they have moved to have import of DP-HDMI blocked. DP-HDMI adapters however, are allowed. Then HDMI-HDMI cables would connect to the adapter. There are ‘passive’ and ‘active’ DP-HDMI adapters in the market today that support “HDMI 1.4” which can drive UHD 30fps. Cable length restrictions are the same as for any HDMI-HDMI connection.

​DVI can also support resolutions greater than 1080p, but with a maximum of 2560×1600. So if you compare a DVI cable to an HDMI cable on a television that supported 1080 max, the video would be identical. If your TV supports higher than 1080 res, the HDMI would show a sharper due to the higher resolution, but ONLY if your TV supports higher than 1080p.

What is 4k?

4K resolution refers to a display device or content having horizontal resolution of about 4,000 pixels. It has become the common name for ultra high definition television (UHDTV), although its resolution is actually 3840 x 2160 (16:9 aspect ratio), which is lower than the 4K industry standard of 4096 x 2160 (19:10 aspect ratio) introduced in digital cinemas.

4K vs UHD

4K is used to describe 3,840 x 2,160 resolution. The technical distinction between the 4K and UHD terms have been all but lost outside of the projection world. In other words, for most people the two terms have become interchangeable. 4K = Ultra HD.

To utilize 4K resolution (3820 or 4096) of course you will need a TV that supports resolution that high and they are not cheap.

5K resolution over HDMI

HDMI v2.1 The HDMI 2.1 spec supports 8K resolutions at 60Hz, and 4K resolutions up to 120Hz thanks to a new 48Gbps  Ultra HDMI cable. This cable is backwards compatible with earlier versions of HDMI.

Note that HDMI v2.1 was announced in Nov 2017. As of mid 2018 there is no DisplayPort to HDMI v2.1 adapter that support 5k. Also, to get 5K resolution using DisplayPort, it will always require TWO DisplayPorts on the video card for EACH 5k (or higher) display. More on DisplayPort.

In summary, if you are using a multi display computer system always connect DisplayPort if you have that option. This means you will need DP monitors and cables. Your second choice would be using DVI.

If you are using TVs as your monitors, determine what types of connections your TVs support.

  • DVI ports, use DVI cables all the way
  • If your TVs have only HDMI ports, you will need DVI to HDMI adapters as well as HDMI cables long enough to reach your TVs.

If you have questions about anything in this article, please feel free to contact us, we will be happy to discuss it with you. Call us today.

All of our multiple screen QuadStation computer systems come with DisplayPort and or DVI connections.

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